Very often in everyday speech we use terms like “Idiot”, “idiotic” or “idiocy” in attempt to offend anyone when we are involved in angry dialogue, also when we are in conflict with someone, or when we want to someone to make it clear that with somebody something is not okey. This frequent use not always, but in most occasions they are used by people inaccurate, and users have wrong opinion about meaning of this terms. The term is originated from Idios, Idiota and the cleaner meaning is private person or someone’s private or personal matter, by which it mean for those people who are ignorant and not interested nor involved in the societal matters or matters of general interest, strictly defining in its life only for matters of personal interest. Today the common language, use often this word to refer to some people that they are mentally disabled, which in the case of cleaner meaning of the word it is possible that someone not to be mentally retarded and to have intellectual development on satisfactory level, yet still to be a person with strict views for their own personal interests, ignoring the societal one. By the way that kind of people represent the majority in nowadays societies, compared to those who think and are interested in general good. To becoming a better picture of what majority of people we addressed, better we will understand if we see the clear interpretation of contemporary russian philosopher Aleksandr Dugin with his notion that “idiot is kind of person who has only one thing – private property.”
Polites as a term means a person who is interested and involved in social activities, ie contrary of omissive or passive action represented by idiotes, but a person actively involved in society. The roots of the word Politeia is formed of Polys + Theos or lot/plus (gods)masters/rulers in a society, indirectly signaling and a type of regulation as a democracy or democratic. Of course that the excessive politicization of citizens, where and a child with less civil rights under 18 years, knows or thinks he knows about the situation of politics, just like excessive apoliticization, both as a phenomenon damages the circumstances of the development of society in general and by society and the development of the individual as a citizen of.
Olmond Gabriel, author of the book “The Civic Culture”, has good conclusions about the problems arising from idiotes in newer social occasions.
There are three possible types of public opinions and public actions, 1) the public (citizens) who are not familiar with the problem (which exist in a society) or absolute idiotism, 2) the public who is aware of the problems in society, but that same public thinks that they should not directly interfere in their resolving, 3) and public who is aware of societal problems and that they as a members of society should directly interfere in solving the problems. The last type of public opinion is the one who completely depict the conscious and conscientious polites.
The original text is translated from Macedonian language by Poligrozd followers.